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PV fuses are utilised to protect solar power gathering equipment against overcurrents, reserse currents and short circuits that can occur within alternative energy gathering PV string installations. Photovoltaic (PV) fuses vary in a number of different ways including fuse speed, voltage and amperage rating, breaking capacity and their physical size and shape. Photovoltaic fuses have the following superior properties: 1. Comprehensive protection: PV fuses can effectively break down to 1000Vdc. Especially suitable for thin film batteries and 4", 5", 6" crystalline silicon panels; 2. Environmental protection and recyclable: Photovoltaic fuses fully consider the operation of the photovoltaic panel system and the environmental impact; 3. 1000Vdc capacity: Photovoltaic fuses are suitable for typical photovoltaic panel systems, operating conditions can reach 1000Vdc, and the fusing response time is less than 1ms; 4. 10×38mm international standard specification: suitable for various current ranges, there are standard metal ferrules, bolts and multi-purpose circuit board mounting methods to choose from.
In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows through it, thereby stopping or interrupting the current. It is a sacrificial device; once a fuse has operated it is an open circuit, and must be replaced or rewired, depending on its type. Fuses have been used as essential safety devices from the early days of electrical engineering. Today there are thousands of different fuse designs which have specific current and voltage ratings, breaking capacity, and response times, depending on the application. The time and current operating characteristics of fuses are chosen to provide adequate protection without needless interruption. Wiring regulations usually define a maximum fuse current rating for particular circuits. Short circuits, overloading, mismatched loads, or device failure are the prime or some of the reasons for fuse operation. When a damaged live wire makes contact with a metal case that is connected to ground, a short circuit will form and the fuse will melt. A fuse is an automatic means of removing power from a faulty system; often abbreviated to ADS (Automatic Disconnection of Supply). Circuit breakers can be used as an alternative to fuses, but have significantly different characteristics. This is a cylindrical fuse. When the circuit fails or is abnormal, the current continues to rise, and the increased current may damage some important components in the circuit, or may burn the circuit or even cause a fire. If the fuse is correctly placed in the circuit, the fuse will cut off the current by itself when the current abnormally rises to a certain height and heat, thus protecting the safe operation of the circuit.