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History & Development Of Printing Machines
Printers in Indonesian mean printers (printing devices) and as already known together, the printer is an output device in the form of hardware that is connected to a computer or other digital device. The printer has a function to print text, images and other digital displays to various print media such as paper and the like.
The printer in its development has undergone rapid changes as well as output devices and other computer inputs. The development of printers is still continuing today. Competition between printer manufacturers is increasingly intense where each producer constantly releases their best innovations and products. The evolution of the printer has also been done a lot since the invention of this device until now both in terms of size, speed, price, quality, quantity, and operating techniques.
Very simple forms of printing can be found in China and Korea around 175 AD. The look is upside down on wood, and then bronze has been made this year. The tool is then spiked with ink and then placed on a piece of paper and gently scrubbed using a bamboo stick. Functions that are almost similar to today's stamps.
Ancient Chinese Prints
The Chinese made many discoveries. They found paper in the first century and moveable types made of clay around the 11th century. Koreans first made a moveable type from bronze in the mid-13th century. However, there is no known connection between the early discovery of Asians and the discovery of printing in Europe in the 15th century.
The innovations made by Chinese people to create ink and block printing greatly influence the writing tradition. However, developments in China are not as powerful as developments in the European region. This is because the Chinese alphabet writing has thousands of specific ideograms, making it very difficult to apply to typewriter media. The impact is that there are almost no significant changes regarding the efficiency of production in China as developments in Europe have occurred.
A major breakthrough came around 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg from the city of Mainz, Germany. Gutenberg created a method of casting letter pieces on metal blends made from a mixture of lead, lead, and antimony that is critical for producing durable prints that produce high-quality printed books. Its discovery is considered to be the most ingenious invention, the special matrix allows the formation of new prints that are fast and precise from a uniform frame and prove to be more suitable for printing than clay, wood or bronze molds created in East Asia
Gutenberg is also recognized for introducing oil-based inks that are more durable than the water-based inks that were used. As a printing material he used a manuscript made of animal and paper skin, the last of which was introduced in Europe from China using the Arab method several centuries ago. People in Europe at that time were indeed developing movable prints, including those made by goldsmith Procopius Waldfoghel from France and Laurens Janszoon Coster from the Netherlands. However, they are not known to have contributed specific progress to the printing press.
Over time, printer technology continues to be developed to adjust the needs of users in its time. Post World War II in the early 1950s, in Europe there was a very rapid cultural development to make the need for a fast and inexpensive writing document production process. At this time, the latest innovation in the printing world began to be developed. Starting from IBM, which introduced the first dot matrix printer. Then, in 1984 ink jet printers were first introduced and produced on a large scale in 1990.